The Bible book of Joshua reports on a completely new chapter in the history of the people of Israel. After God delivered the people from Egypt, they wandered in the desert for forty years and all members of the people aged 20 years and older (Num.14:29), who were delivered from Egypt, died in the desert because of unbelief. Except for two men: Joshua and Caleb. They were the only ones of the twelve spies, but also of the people, who said that God would give them the land because He had promised it (Num.13:30; 14:8).

Scripture plainly teaches that these Old Testament histories are images of our time (Gal.4:24). With regard to the people of Israel, this is said very specifically by Paul in 1 Corinthians 10:6: these became types of us and in verse 11: However, all these things happened typologically to those to whom it was written for our attention.

It is not difficult to see what Joshua is a representation of. We find the name Joshua twice in the New Testament (Acts 7:45, Heb. 4:8) and there it is the translation of the Greek Iesous. Only twice out of almost 1,000 occurrences is it translated Joshua, because the context shows that it is him. All other times it is translated Jesus. The name is identical: Joshua – J(eh)oshua – Jesus. Joshua is therefore a type of Jesus.

The beginning of the book of Joshua immediately puts us on the right track:

Joshua 1
1 And it came to pass after the death of Moses the servant of the LORD, that the LORD said unto Joshua the son of Nun, the servant of Moses,
2 My servant Moses has died. Now therefore arise, cross this Jordan, you and all this people, into the land which I am giving to them, the children of Israel.

end of the law
Moses is the model for the law. The old covenant is therefore often called the law of Moses. We also find it mentioned in the first chapter of Joshua (:7). Here is described the end of Moses, the end of the law and the introduction of Joshua, as a type of Christ.

Romans 10
4 For the end of the law is Christ for righteousness to everyone who believes.

Joshua is told: get up! (1:2). He would also cross the Jordan on the third day! (1:11). Passing through the Jordan is a picture of passing through death. It is sung in many songs because it is something that often appears in Scripture. John the Baptist also baptized (image of death and resurrection) in the Jordan. Joshua is a type of the resurrected Christ.

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